Spay/ Neuter (or commonly called ABC for Animal Birth Control in the case of India Stray Dogs) is a surgical procedure to remove the reproductive organs of male and female dogs. Surgery can be traditional invasive surgery or can be laparoscopic where available.
- Spaying: Is the term generally used for females and involves ovariohysterectomy — that is the removal of the uterus and both ovaries.
- Nuetering or castration is generally used for male dogs and is the procedure removal of both testes and the associated epididymis. Even though the term neutering correctly describes the surgery of either gender.
When should you neuter your dog?
Most Indian vets will recommend neutering after the first heat for the female or after 1-2yrs for the male. This is unfounded. Both males and females should be neutered between 6 and 9 months of age (that will be before the 1st heat for the female dog).
What are the health benefits of spay/nueter in pet dogs?
Spay/ neuter is a beneficial surgery and can prevent/ address a host of conditions in pet dogs.
|Female dogs||Male Dogs|
|No chance of Breast cancer/ mammary tumours — the most common form of cancer in female dogs||No chance of Testicular cancer|
|No chance of Ovary and uterine cancer||Non-existence of Prostate cancer|
|No chance of Pyometra (Infection of the uterus with pus)||No chance of Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)|
|Non-existence transitional cell carcinoma||Non-existence transitional cell carcinoma|
|Will not go into heat and the related bleeding, frequent urinating.||Reduced Aggression — with less testosterone male dogs show a markedly reduced territorial aggression|
|Reduced ‘Marking’ or peeing — Males mark territory by peeing this urge is non-existent|
|Reduced male traits such as roaming, humping and other dominance related behaviour.|
|Reduced or fewer fights with other male dogs.|
Post Op care for your dog
- After surgery provide the dog with a quiet place to recover indoors, away from other animals and running and jumping for up to two weeks following surgery.
- Use an Elizabethan collar to prevent your dog from licking the incision site till the stiches are healed and removed.
- Do not bathe the dog till stiched are removed.
- Check the incision daily. If you notice any redness, swelling or discharge please contact your vet.
Myths and Misconceptions related to spay/ neuter
- Will my dog will become overweight? Spaying or neutering will not cause your pet to become overweight lack of exercise does that as the natural restlessness and roaming tendency is curbed by the surgery. Your dog will remain fit and trim as long as you continue to provide exercise and monitor their food.
- My dog will be less trainable? No, simply the opposite is true.
- Will neutering alter the dogs’ behaviour? Neutering will reduce ‘aggressive’ or ‘dominant’ behavior as described before because of the reduced level of testosterone but it won’t eliminate the hormone completely so the dog will continue to have all male traits. Neutering will also not reduce behaviors that your dog has learned or unlearn his habits.
The information contained in these blog posts is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, it is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information. For any emergency situation related to a dog’s health, please visit the nearest veterinary clinic.