Know Your Indian Dog Breeds

We love foreign breeds. However, there are so many great Indian breeds to get to know.

In India, especially in the cities, you might often see people taking a Husky, a Labrador Retriever, or a St. Bernard for walks. India has a tropical climate, so why do we promote and encourage the breeding of dogs that were meant for colder climates?

India is full of its own rich dog heritage

There are so many dog breeds within India- and stray dogs are descendants of these ancient breeds. Let’s take a look at some of them. It’s important to understand that animals from a particular region are always going to be healthier in their natural habitat.


The Rajapalayam. Source: Wikipedia

Tipu Sultan first introduced this breed to South India during his reign. The Rajapalayam is a sighthound, and was considered a worthy companion to the aristocratic classes. The name comes from the town of Rajapalayam, in the Virudhunagar district in Tamil Nadu. They are good guard dogs, and were used for hunting.

Himalayan Sheep Dog

The Gaddi Kutta. Source: Dog Breed Info

These are more commonly known as the Gaddi Kutta- and are raised by Gaddis in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. These dogs come in many shapes and sizes, but characteristically have more fur than other Indian breeds because of their temperate habitat. Gaddi Kuttas are used by the shepherds to look after livestock and you can see them all over the mountain region.

Rampur Greyhound

The Rampur Greyhound. Source: Wikipedia

The Rampur Greyhound is a type of hound descended from the Afghan Hound. They are short-haired with a powerful build, after being interbred with Greyhounds to improve their strength. The Rampur Greyhound is found in North India. The number of these dogs is dwindling, but they were also favoured by the aristocracy in West Bengal and the regions around Delhi.


The Kombai. Source: Dog Breed Info

You would have definitely seen this dog in South India at some point. These dogs are usually coarse-haired and brown. Combai make effective guard dogs and are suitably aggressive for the job. This breed evolved naturally, and is therefore less prone to diseases and health ailments. They make great family dogs as well.


The Chippiparai. Source: Wikipedia

Another beautiful hound from the Madurai region of Tamil Nadu, the Chippiparai was used for hunting purposes. There are a few of them left, and are endemic to Periyar Lake in Tamil Nadu. The Chippiparai has coarse, short fur, and are of medium build. They are tough, and rarely face health disorders.


The Taji. Source: Pet Helpful

Another hunting dog, the Tazi is a beautiful, slightly furrier dog. They are extremely rare today. They resemble the Russian Tazi, but with less fur. Tazis are playful and friendly.

Indian Pariah Dog

The Indian Pariah Dog. Source: Wikipedia

A true Desi Kutta! You might confuse them with many other stray dogs, but the Indian Pariah Dog has its origins dating back to around 4000 years. They are from the subcontinent and you can spot them in Bangladesh too. Desi Kuttas are friendly, lovable, easy to train, and adorable. They are of medium build.

Mudhol Hound

The Mudhol Hound. Source: Wikipedia

These hounds look a bit like the Rajapalayam. They are very popular in India- especially in villages in Karnataka. You might also know them as Caravan Hounds. They are good as hunters and guard dogs. While loyal, Mudhol Hounds are generally a one-owner dog, and can be hostile to strangers (what makes them perfect for guarding a home).

Tangkhul Hui

The Tangkhul Hui. Source: Dog Breed Info

Time to give some love to a breed from the North East. The Tangkhul Hui is a beautiful and fascinating dog found in Manipur. People consider the Tangkhul Hui endangered, and are trying to work together to revive the breed. Because of its furry and dark visage, it vaguely resembles the Asiatic black bear.

Do you find this information useful? For more general, legal, and medical advice related to dogs, visit VOSD.